Right-wing terrorism and violence in Western Europe: the RTV dataset

The RTV dataset documents right-wing terrorism and violence in Western Europe between 1990 and 2015. The dataset has been created by Jacob Aasland Ravndal, Postdoctoral Fellow at C-REX.

Government building in Oslo after the bombing on 22 July 2011. The Right-Wing Terrorism and Violence (RTV) dataset was created following the terrorist attacks in Oslo on 22 July 2011. Photo: Wikicommons

A limited version of the RTV dataset is freely available for download here. Due to privacy protection concerns, this limited version does not contain information about the exact time and location of an event. A qualitative description of each event as well as all corresponding sources have also been removed.  

    What kind of information is in the dataset?

    The dataset currently comprises 578 events, including 190 deadly events causing 303 deaths. The full version of the dataset provides extensive information about each event, including all corresponding sources. Each event has been coded on a range of variables, including time and location, perpetrator and victim characteristics, organizational affiliation, weapon type, and number of casualties.

    Which inclusion criteria have been used?

    The dataset includes only events whose target selection  minority groups, political adversaries, or the government  is premised on right-wing beliefs.

    The dataset focuses only on the most severe types of events. This includes (1) attacks with a deadly or near deadly outcome, (2) attacks involving the active use of deadly weapons, (3) and extensive plots and preparations for armed struggle.

    Which sources have been used?

    A majority of events are based on online newspaper articles. Other key sources include activist autobiographies, official and unofficial RTV chronologies and datasets, anti-fascist blogs and bulletins, personal communication with RTV experts, court documents, online videos, and some secondary literature.

    Are all relevant events included?

    Probably not - due to both RTV’s clandestine nature and the limited and/or unreliable information available. However, the dataset should include the most of relevant deadly events. It can therefore be used to assess general patterns across time and space.

    Will the RTV dataset be updated?

    Yes. We are currently working on an updated version of the RTV dataset, and we plan to publish annual updates from 2020 onwards. 

    How to cite the dataset?

    Ravndal, Jacob Aasland, “Right-wing terrorism and violence in Western Europe: Introducing the RTV dataset,” Perspectives on Terrorism 10, no. 3 (June 2016).

    Access to the full version of the RTV dataset

    Access to the full version of the dataset including all corresponding online and offline sources can be obtained by scholars upon request to C-REX.

    To  access the full version, one has to

    1. demonstrate a reasonable need for access, either as a researcher or as a peer-reviewer;
    2. be associated with a publicly recognized research institution and document a legal basis for treatment of personal data; and
    3. sign a written consent to not use the data to gather biographical information about individuals involved in any events, and to delete all data after usage.

    How to provide feedback on the dataset?

    New information and relevant links may be submitted through an online form. To provide new information about already registered events, please refer to the event’s “caseID” (first variable in the dataset). To suggest a new event to be included in the dataset, please consider the above listed inclusion criteria and make sure to provide necessary documentation.


    The data is provided as is. All errors and omissions remain with the dataset creator. However, the dataset creator bears no responsibility for others’ use, analysis, or interpretation of the data. The dataset may not be passed on or sold to third parties. Copyright: Jacob Aasland Ravndal.