Right-wing terrorism and violence in Western Europe: the RTV dataset

The RTV dataset covers incidents of right-wing terrorism and violence in Western Europe between 1990 and 2015. The dataset has been created by C-REX affiliate Jacob Aasland Ravndal.

Government building in Oslo after the bombing on 22 July 2011. The Right-Wing Terrorism and Violence (RTV) dataset was created following the terrorist attacks in Oslo on 22 July 2011. Photo: Wikicommons

A full version of the dataset including all corresponding online and offline sources can be obtained by scholars upon request to C-REX. Moreover, we invite people to critically assess the coding of the incidents and to suggest new incidents for future updated versions of the dataset.

What kind of information is in the dataset?

The dataset currently comprises 578 incidents, including 190 deadly incidents causing 303 deaths. The dataset provides extensive information about each incident, including all corresponding sources. Each incident has been coded on a range of variables, including time and location, perpetrator and victim characteristics, organizational affiliation, weapon type, and number of casualties.

Which inclusion criteria have been used?

The dataset includes only incidents whose target selection  minority groups, political adversaries, or the government  is based on right-wing beliefs.

The dataset focuses only on the most severe types of incidents. This includes (1) attacks with a lethal or near fatal outcome, (2) attacks involving the active use of deadly weapons, (3) and extensive plots and preparations for armed struggle.

Which sources have been used?

A majority of incidents are based on online newspaper articles. Other key sources include activist autobiographies, official and unofficial RTV chronologies and datasets, anti-fascist blogs and bulletins, personal communication with RTV experts, court documents, online videos, and some secondary literature.

Are all relevant incidents included?

Probably not - due to both RTV’s clandestine nature and the limited and/or unreliable information available. However, the dataset should include the most of relevant deadly incidents. It can therefore be used to assess general patterns across time and space.

How to cite the dataset?

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland, “Right-wing terrorism and violence in Western Europe: Introducing the RTV dataset,” Perspectives on Terrorism 10, no. 3 (June 2016).

How to provide feedback on the dataset?

New information and relevant links may be submitted through an online scheme. To provide new information about already registered incidents, please refer to the incident’s “caseid” (first variable in the dataset). To suggest a new incident to be included in the dataset, please consider the above listed inclusion criteria and make sure to provide necessary documentation.


The data is provided as is. All errors and omissions remain with the dataset creator. However, the dataset creator bears no responsibility for others’ use, analysis, or interpretation of the data. The dataset may not be passed on or sold to third parties. Copyright 2016: Jacob Aasland Ravndal.

List of research publications using the RTV dataset