From Bombs to Books, and Back Again? Mapping Strategies of Right-Wing Revolutionary Resistance
This article begins by outlining four post-WWII strategies of right-wing revolutionary resistance: vanguardism; the cell system; leaderless resistance; and metapolitics. Next, the article argues that metapolitics became a preferred strategy for many right-wing revolutionaries during the 2000s and early 2010s, and proposes three conditions that may help explain this metapolitical turn: limited opportunities for armed resistance; a subcultural style shift; and new opportunities for promoting alternative worldviews online. Finally, the article theorizes about the types of threats that may emerge in the wake of this metapolitical turn, and speculates about the likelihood of a new and more violent turn in the near future.
Ravndal, J. A. (2021). From Bombs to Books, and Back Again? Mapping Strategies of Right-Wing Revolutionary Resistance, Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, DOI: 10.1080/1057610X.2021.1907897