Jacob Aasland Ravndal

Image of Jacob Aasland Ravndal
Norwegian version of this page
Phone +47-22855167
Mobile phone 99615149
Postal address P.O. Box 1097 Blindern 0317 Oslo

Academic interests

  • Terrorism and political violence
  • Right-wing militancy
  • Left-wing militancy
  • Armed conflict
  • International security
  • Intelligence
  • Set-theory and Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA)


Since 2012, I have studied the evolution of right-wing terrorism and violence in Western Europe, with a particular focus on the Nordic countries. I also developed and lead the continuous development of the Right-Wing Terrorism and Violence (RTV) dataset, documenting the most severe RTV attacks in Western Europe since 1990. In addition, I teach a master's degree course on terrorism and political violence in Western democracies at the Department of Political Science.

My current research is on methodological challenges in terrorism research, the relationship between left- and right-wing militancy, and set-theoretic methods in the social sciences. I am also interested in the use of intelligence to counter terrorism and political violence.

From 2019 to 2020, I worked as a full-time member of the public commission tasked to evaluate the Norwegian Police and the Police Security Service's handling of a right-wing terrorist attack against a mosque outside Oslo in 2019.

I serve as an editorial board member for Studies in Conflict and Terrorism and the International Center for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT). I am also a steering group member for ECPR’s Standing Group on Political Violence.

Previously, I worked as a Research Fellow at the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI), researching topics such as counterinsurgency operations, the use of intelligence in international peace operations, protection of civilians, security in the High North, and international cybersecurity.


STV4510 - Terrorism and Political Violence in Western Democracies


Right-Wing Terrorism and Violence in Western Europe (RTV)


Tags: Terrorism, Political Violence, Extremism, Armed Conflict, International Security, Intelligence


Ravndal, Jacob Aasland (2021). From Bombs to Books, and Back Again? Mapping Strategies of Right-Wing Revolutionary ResistanceStudies in Conflict and Terrorism, advanced online publication, DOI: 10.1080/1057610X.2021.1907897

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland (2020).  The Emergence of Transnational Street Militancy: A Comparative Case Study of the Nordic Resistance Movement and Generation Identity. Journal for Deradicalization.  ISSN  2363-9849X. Winter Issue 2020/21, No. 25, p. 1- 34.

Bjørgo, Tore and Jacob Aasland Ravndal (2020). Why the Nordic Resistance Movement Restrains Its Use of Violence. Perspectives on Terrorism 14(6), p. 37-48.

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland (2020). Fra landssvik til «trollterror» – utviklingen i det norske høyreekstreme trusselbildet fra 1945 til 2019. Nytt Norsk Tidsskrift.  ISSN 0800-336X.  37(4), p. 355- 368

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland & Jupskås, Anders Ravik (2020). Methods for mapping far right violence, In Graham David Macklin; Joel Busher; Stephen D Ashe & Aaron Winter (ed.),  Researching the Far Right: Theory, Method and Practice. Routledge. ISBN 9781138219342.  8.

Dalgaard-Nielsen, Anja, Jacob Aasland Ravndal, Helge Renå, Jakob Ilum, Morten Løw hansen, Jørn Rye Eriksen and Bushra Ishaq (2020).  Evaluering av politiets og PSTs håndtering av terror­hendelsen i Bærum 10. august 2019. Raport fra Evalueringsutvalget, 29. juni 2020. URL: https://www.politiet.no/globalassets/04-aktuelt-tall-og-fakta/al-noor---terrorhandlingen/evaluering_terrorhendelsen_i_baerum_01072020_original_digital.pdf 

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland; Sofia Lygren; Anders Ravik Jupskås & Tore Bjørgo (2020). RTV Trend Report 2020: Right Wing Terrorism and Violence in Western Europe, 1990 - 2019, C-REX Research Report No. 1/2020.

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland (2019). Transnational Militancy in the Making: A Primer on the Nordic Resistance Movement and Generation Identity. C-REX Working Paper Series, No. 1/2019. URL: https://www.sv.uio.no/c-rex/english/publications/c-rex-working-paper-series/transnational-militancy-in-the-making.pdf

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland; Sofia Lygren; Lars Wibe Hagen& Anders Ravik Jupskås (2019). RTV Trend Report 2019: Right Wing Terrorism and Violence in Western Europe, 1990 - 2018, C-REX Research Report 1/2019.

Bjørgo, Tore and Jacob Aasland Ravndal (2019). Extreme-Right Violence and Terrorism: Concepts, Patterns,and Responses. ICCT Policy Briefs. doi: 10.19165/2019.1.08

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland and Tore Bjørgo (2018). Investigating Terrorism from the Extreme Right: A Review of Past and Present Research. Perspectives on Terrorism, 7(6): 5-22. URL: https://www.universiteitleiden.nl/binaries/content/assets/customsites/perspectives-on-terrorism/2018/issue-6/a1-ravndal-and-bjorgo.pdf

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland (2018). Right-Wing Terrorism and Militancy in the Nordic Countries: A Comparative Case Study. Terrorism and Political Violence, 30(5): 772–792. doi: 10.1080/09546553.2018.1445888

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland (2017). Explaining right-wing terrorism and violence in Western Europe: Grievances, opportunities and polarisation. European Journal of Political Research, 57(4): 845–866. doi: 10.1111/1475-6765.12254

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland (2017). Right-Wing Terrorism and Violence in Western Europe: A Comparative Analysis. Department of Political Science, University of Oslo. Ph.d. thesis.

De Coning, Cedric, Stian Kjeksrud, Jakob Aasland Ravndal, Andreas Øien Stensland og Walter Lotze (2016). Protecting civilians: comparing organisational approaches. Chapter 4 in Heidi Willmot; Ralph Mamiya; Scott Sheeran & Marc Weller (eds.), Protection of Civilians. Oxford University Press.

Ravndal, Jakob Aasland (2016). Right-Wing Terrorism and Violence in Western Europe: Introducing the RTV Dataset. Perspectives on Terrorism 10(3): 2-15.

Ravndal, Jakob Aasland (2015). Thugs or Terrorists? A Typology of Right-Wing Terrorism in Western Europe. Journal for Deradicalization 1(3): 1-38.

Ravndal, Jakob Aasland (2013). Anders Behring Breivik’s use of the Internet and social media. Journal EXIT-Deutschland: Zeitschrift für Deradikalisierung und Demokratische Kultur 2: 172-185.

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland (2012). A Post-Trial Profile of Anders Behring Breivik. CTC sentinel 5(10): 16-20.

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland (2012). A Pre-Trial Profile of Anders Behring Breivik. CTC sentinel 5(3): 6-10.

Kjeksrud, Stian & Ravndal, Jacob Aasland (2012). Emerging Lessons from MONUC. Chapter 5 in Benjamin de Carvalho & Ole Jacob Sending (eds.). The Protection of Civilians in UN Peacekeeping: Concept, Implementation and Practice. Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft.

Kjeksrud, Stian and Jacob Aasland Ravndal (2011). Emerging lessons from the United Nations mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo: military contributions to the protection of civilians. African Security Review 20(2): 3-16.

Norheim-Martinsen, Per Martin and Jacob Aasland Ravndal (2011). Towards Intelligence-Driven Peace Operations? The Evolution of UN and EU Intelligence Structures. International Peacekeeping 18(4): 454-467.

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland and Stian Kjeksrud (2011). Hvordan kan militære beskytte sivile?. Norsk Militært Tidsskrift 181(2): 18-24.

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland (2010). Etterretning i FN: Hvordan det umulige ble mulig. Chapter 5 in Tore Nyhamar (ed.). Utfordringer og strategi i freds- og stabiliseringsoperasjoner. Oslo: Abstrakt forlag.

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Published Sep. 18, 2017 11:21 AM - Last modified May 2, 2021 9:08 PM