The European Union and Post-national Integration
This paper addresses the European Union in a deliberative perspective, portraying deliberation as the only viable procedure of non-coercive integration beyond the nation-state.
ARENA Working Paper 09/1999 (html)
Erik Oddvar Eriksen and John Erik Fossum
How can post-national integration be explained? Integration may occur through strategic bargaining or through functional adaptation. However, it may also occur through deliberation, and this is vital because stability depends on learning and alteration of preferences. Deliberation, when properly conducted, ensures communicative processes where the force of the better argument sway people to harmonize their action plans. To understand integration beyond the nation state, explanatory categories associated with deliberation are required, as supranational entities possess far weaker and less well-developed means of coercion than do states.