Sognsveien 68 (map)
This paper discusses the varying degree of implementation and compliance with international norms, taking EU and EFTA legislation as centre of analysis. Looking closer at the form of resolution when international norms conflict with national law, it is found that domestic traditions and political culture have considerable bearing on the efficiency of implementation - more so than any power of enforcement at the European level.
Hva er ESAs faktiske rolle i overvåkning og implementering av EØS-avtalen, og hvorfor er organet så omstridt? Denne artikkelen tar et overblikk over disse spørsmålene og skisserer noen svar.
What is the factual role of ESA under the EEA Agreement, and why is the work of ESA so controversial in the member states? Some suggestive answers are given in this paper. The paper is in Norwegian.
ARENA Working Paper 11/2002 (html)
Hans Petter Graver and Ulf Sverdrup
Discussing the argument that the EU should hold a European taxation power, the author finds this claim to be fully justifiable on an empirical as well as a normative basis. Legally mandated by Community law, EU taxation is also normatively desirable from the point of view of European public space and the redistributive requirements of an enlarged Europe.
Agustín José Menéndez
This paper contests the standard interpretation of the cases Martínez Sala and Baumbast. It shows why they are not epochal judgments, but logical extensions of the pre-Maastricht case of the Court. Furthermore, it reveals why and how the judgments have radicalised the processes of Europeanisation of what used to be exclusive national competences, and the judicialisation of decision-making processes where representative institutions used to have the exclusive word.
Agustín José Menéndez
What becomes the fate of fundamental politico-legal principles as differentiation and multi-level political systems emerge? This paper captures the grandes lignes of the present development in Europe, where various forces go to counteract what has traditionally been a set of unitary legal systems.
ARENA Working Paper 18/1997 (html)