This paper discusses the varying degree of implementation and compliance with international norms, taking EU and EFTA legislation as centre of analysis. Looking closer at the form of resolution when international norms conflict with national law, it is found that domestic traditions and political culture have considerable bearing on the efficiency of implementation - more so than any power of enforcement at the European level.
This paper accounts for the influence held by EU institutions on the foreign policy of post-Franco Spain; it is argued that throughout this period, EU membership rather than regime change has been the driving force behind foreign policy change.
ARENA Working Paper 26/2001 (html)
José I. Torreblanca
What is the rationale underpinning united Germany's relations to its neighbours, and how may German power be conceptualised? This paper reviews a contribution of Katzenstein on the subject, adding some intriguing institutional observations of Germany soft-power, multilateral approach.
ARENA Working Paper 27/1997 (html)
Bjørn Otto Sverdrup