Feeding from empirical as well as conceptual inquiry, this paper questions the hypothesis of a clear-cut shift from national towards EU-level allegiance on the part of national officials. Actors, it is maintained, are embedded in multiple social environments, among which the national element remains of primary importance.
ARENA Working Paper 33/2002 (html)
This paper evaluates the putative development of a European public space, discussing to what extent a single communicative arena has been attained with regards to constitutional principle, governance and political outlook, with aspects of language and culture as potential barriers.
Drawing on fresh empirical data, this paper accounts for the inter-penetration between the European Commission and national regulatory agencies. Focusing on the environmental domain, a comparative Nordic analysis shows that integration differs, in part due to organizational features and administrative culture.