The European Commission represents a notable organisational innovation in the way that executive politicians at the top, i.e. the commissioners, have their primary affiliation to the international level. Thus, the Commission constitutes a laboratory for experiments in supranational institutionbuilding. In this paper these facts will be given a closer look.
To what extent has westernization of the Baltic states led to acceptance of ethnic inclusion and a liberal order of citizenship? This paper evaluates the attempts by NATO and the EU to promote such a development in its recent member states and considers why institutions and elite attitudes have been persistent to change.