The paper discusses the effects of European integration on national administrations. Focusing on the Nordic countries, it is found that both an intergovernmental and an organizational perspective have something to contribute to our understanding of Europeanization.
What is the relative weight of bargaining and arguing in the formation of EU foreign policy? Based on empirical data, this paper lends credence to the deliberative claim that there is more to negotiation than give and take; states may change their set of preferences by way of a learning process where even small actors may be pivotal.
Drawing on fresh empirical data, this paper accounts for the inter-penetration between the European Commission and national regulatory agencies. Focusing on the environmental domain, a comparative Nordic analysis shows that integration differs, in part due to organizational features and administrative culture.