What are the achievements of the Convention on the future of Europe? In the light of contrasting constitutional visions, the paper discusses whether the document produced by the Convention should be seen as constitutional treaty or constitution proper. It arrives at the conclusion that no unequivocal judgement can be made; however, the Convention makes certain qualitative leaps away from treaty towards constitutional patriotism.
John Erik Fossum
This paper denounces the perception of pre-political community attachment as a requisite for political integration; instead it delineates a post-national model of European democracy, built upon individual rights and citizenship and shared legitimacy between the national and EU levels.
ARENA Working Paper 26/2000 (html)
Erik Oddvar Eriksen and John Erik Fossum
The paper discusses Joseph Weiler’s proposition of including a reference to Europe’s Christian roots in the Constitution for Europe. By examining the common European heritage as well as comparing with existing European constitutions, it is argued that an explicit religious reference is misleading as well as counterproductive to the development of a common European identity.
Agustín José Menéndez
Drawing upon a multi-faceted understanding of human rationality, this essay highlights the role of three generic social mechanisms - strategic calculation, cognitive role playing and normative suasion - in promoting differing degrees of cooperation within international institutions.
Jeffrey T. Checkel