Policy networks in energy transitions
Håkon E. Normann has published the article “Policy networks in energy transitions: The cases of carbon capture and storage and offshore wind in Norway” in Technological Forecasting and Social Change.
Competing over influence
This paper employs the concept of policy networks to study how interest groups and actors compete over the influence of energy and climate policy. It is argued that the creation of learning arenas is critical for the development of immature technologies. The paper then analyses two large efforts to secure state funding of large scale demonstration projects for offshore wind and carbon capture and storage technology in Norway.
CCS versus Offshore wind
Offshore wind and CCS (carbon capture and storage) display a number of similar characteristics in terms of scale, maturity, and costs, and in the way they represent possible solutions to the problem of climate change. However, an important difference can be observed in the level of government support towards full-scale demonstration. This difference is explained in the analysis, which shows how different network structures facilitate different levels of access to the policymaking process.
The paper provides insights into how the interplay between state interests, political party strategies and the interests of firms influences the potency for solutions tied to climate and energy problems.
The article is part of Håkon Normann’s PhD thesis: “Politics in energy system transformation: Conditions for the development of an offshore wind industry in Norway”.
This article is published in Technological Forecasting and Social Change, and can be accessed here.