Magnus Gulbrandsen is professor at TIK Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture at the University of Oslo. He took his PhD at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in 2000, and he worked as a contract researcher at the Nordic Institute for Studies in Innovation, Research and Education for more than 15 years, where he also headed the group for science and innovation policy studies for three years. His research has looked at broad topics within science and innovation studies such as research quality, research and innovation collaboration, commercialisation and internationalisation. An overarching theme has been how scientific knowledge is used in society, with emphasis on using individual-level data to understand this process. Gulbrandsen has published in a range of scientific journals, in books and various reports. He is a frequent invited speaker at scientific and policy events, and he has worked as consultant for the OECD and different public agencies. He has held adjunct positions at the Copenhagen Business School and the Centre for Advanced Study at the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters.