The abundance of petroleum resources has made Norway a well-functioning welfare state. Empirical data shows that the connection between resources and welfare should not be taken for granted.
A modern knowledge economy
Easy access to electricity and petroleum has made Norway a country that scores high on human development and GDP indexes. However, it is not obvious that this would happen; most countries with abundant energy resources have had difficulties in creating a long-term stable growth. Norway can be regarded as an exception because the country has succeeded in creating new knowledge, new technologies and an extensive knowledge intensive industry. The Norwegian petroleum sector is now an advanced knowledge economy. How did this happen and how has this shaped the development of Norwegian economy and policies? These questions are central in the research on ´energy as knowledge economy´ at the centre of technology, innovation and culture (TIK).
In this report, that is written for the Confederation of Norwegian Enterprise, Helge Ryggvik outlines the development of the Norwegian petroleum industry. To build industry, maintain the welfare state, the creation of the Norwegian "oil fund" and the development of a strict security culture, are some of many subjects in this book.
Rik på natur - Innovasjon i en ressursbasert kunnskapsøkonomi ("Rich on Nature - Innovation i a resource based knowledge economy") is a book edited by Wicken and Hanson (2008). In this book the authors discuss theories and literature regarding the relationship between resources and welfare state development.
The Norwegian Oil Experience - Helge Ryggvik
In Norway a country to be followed in how to extract oil and how to manage their national resources? In this article, which has been translated into several languages, Helge Ryggvik discusses the shaping and the development of Norway´s management of their petroleum resources.
Artikler og avhandlinger:
Andersen, A.D. and Wicken, O. (forthcoming). “Low-carbon infrastructures and systems of innovation. No transition without transmission?”. Invited and submitted to Environmental Innovation and Sustainable Transitions.
Andersen, A. D. and Johnson, Björn (2014). "Monocausalism versus systems approach to development – The possibility of natural resource-based development". Forthcoming in Institutions and Economies, Vol 6 (2), July.
Andersen, A.D. (2013). “A functions approach to Innovation System building in the ‘South’ – the evolution of the sugarcane and biofuel industry in Brazil”. Presented at 11th Globelics International Conference - Entrepreneurship, innovation policy and development in an era of increased globalisation, Ankara, Turkey.
Andersen, A.D. and Wicken, O. (2013). “Innovation dynamics in natural-resource based industries: Where the geese don’t fly”. Presented at 11th Globelics International Conference - Entrepreneurship, innovation policy and development in an era of increased globalisation, Ankara, Turkey.
Andersen, A.D. (2013). "Transforming renewable energy innovation systems in the South: Recent diversification of Brazilian Biofuel innovation system”. Presented at 4th International Conference on Sustainability Transitions, Zurich, Switzerland.
Andersen, A.D. (2012). ”Towards a new approach to natural resources and development: the role of learning, innovation and linkage dynamics”, Int. J. Technological Learning, Innovation and Development, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp.291–324.
The dynamics of resource-based economic development: evidence from Australia and Norway (2012). Olav Wicken and Simon Willie describe in this article how Australia and Norway have managed to build a strong welfare state and established a solid knowledge economy based on the abundance of resources.
PhD - Doktorgradsavhandling - Jens hanson:
"Dynamics of innovation systems for renewable energy technology - The role of post-introduction improvement."
PhD - Doktorgradsavhandling - Allan Dahl Andersen
"Innovation systems and natural resources - the case of sugarcane in Brazil"
PhD - Doktorgradsavhandling - Helge Ryggvik
"Norsk oljevirksomhet mellom det nasjonale og det internasjonale. En studie av selskapsstruktur og internasjonalisering."