Actualizing spirits: Ifugao animism as onto-praxis
Jon H. Z. Remme demonstrates in his Chapter in Animism in Southeast Asia that Ifugao animism contains an inherent ontological dynamic. Remme argues that we can best understand how Ifugao animism operates by approaching it as a form of onto-praxis – i.e. through its practices which, in turn, are interpreted as actualizations of the potentiality of shared sociality between humans and non-humans. Remme concludes that the practices of Ifugao animism are fundamentally concerned with the management of this potential for shared sociality between humans and non-humans.