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This is the first ethnographic account of salmon aquaculture, the most recent turn in the human history of animal domestication. Marianne Elisabeth Lien explores how the growth of marine domestication has blurred traditional distinctions between fish and animals, recasting farmed fish as sentient beings, capable of feeling pain and subject to animal-welfare legislation.
For more information visit www.ucpress.edu
In this essay Arnd Schneider comments on recent photographic and film works by artist and visual anthropologist, Cyrill Lachauer – shot in the ‘waste lands’ of urban and suburban Las Vegas, and in Paiute settlements.
Anthropos and the material is both a research project and a strategic plan for a research network targeting the thematic area People, Nature and Environments.Department of Social Anthropology is represented with article contributions from Rune Flikke, Knut Gunnar Nustad and Jon Rasmus Nyquist.
Read the articles in: Aura
With Ingjerd Hoëms article in Living Kinship in the Pacific she shows how kinship and gender,and political and other aspects of existence, are orchestrated through ritual practices.
Through an ethnographically based study of local communicative practices in the Pacific atoll society of Tokelau, Ingjerd Hoëm adds to our understanding of how systems of governance are constituted by minute acts of social interaction, and are informed by our conceptions of the nature of sociality.
More information at benjamins.com
In Para-States and Medical Science, P. Wenzel Geissler and the contributors examine how medicine and public health in Africa have been transformed as a result of economic and political liberalization and globalization, intertwined with epidemiological and technological changes.
This article written by Jon Henrik Ziegler Remme, argues further that contemporary anthropological theories inspired by ANT, material semiotics and the philosophy of Deleuze operate with an implicit notion of causality and that a notion of dispositional causality can be used to explicate the causal assumptions of these theories.
Signe Howell gives a contribution with her article 'No RIGHTS-No REDD': Some implications of a Turn Towards Co-Benefits in the last special issue of Forum for Development Studies. Rune Flikke is represented with his article On the Fractured, Fragmented and Disrupted Landscapes of Conservation.
By means of ‘connective analysis’, this article by Knut Christian Myhre explores the multiple meanings of moongo among the Chagga-speaking people of Rombo district, Kilimanjaro region, which resemble neglected meanings of the vernacular terms translated as ‘lineage’ elsewhere.
This special issue of Social Analysis explores the value and limitation of concepts and approaches developed from Melanesia for the investigation of ethnography from different parts of contemporary Africa.
Based on Signe Howells ongoing comparative research project on the high profile global REDD+ initiative (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation) in developing countries, Signe Howell presents some findings from studies in the Amazon, Tanzania and Indonesia that show how a project, initially perceived by the financiers (UN, World Bank, Norwegian government etc.) as a straight-forward 'nature' (in this case forest) project, with technocratic solutions, has turned into a highly complex 'society' project.
Signe Howell begins by telling an abbreviated version of Chewong myth about frog people, as part of the anthology The handbook of contemporary animism. Chewong is a small group of hunter-gatherers and shifting cultivators who, at the time of Howells first fieldwork in the late 1970s, lived deep inside the Malaysian tropical rainforest.
While the In Search of Europe? project involves several academic disciplines, of the involved disciplines, anthropology in particular can lay claim to an important history as well as an ongoing engagement with art. Arnd Schneider would therefore like to start this brief intervention with a short observation on that history.
Ruth Prince is following the development in the city of Kisumu in western Kenya since the late 1990s in her article. She is listening to experiences from several local women who tell us about the changing conditions of living through the decades.
This article written by Arnd Schneider represents an exercise in dialogical anthropology, based on a collaboration with contemporary visual artists in a specific fieldwork locale in Argentine
The article is open to the public in critical arts
The debate over the concept "mana" has been simmering ever since its launch as a Melanesian ethnographic term with the 1891 publication of Robert Henry Codrington’s The Melanesians. In this article, Thorgeir Kolshus gives a linguistic overview of the concept of "mana" used in Polynesian cultures.
Arnd Schneider and Cristopher Wright examine the relationship between art and anthropology, as editors of this anthology. In engaging with the concerns of both fields, they focus on key works from artists and anthropologists that engage with "art-ethnography" and they investigate the processes and strategies behind their creation and exhibition.
This article has sought to shed light on processes of inclusion and exclusion in Norwegian mediated public spheres. Sindre Bangstad has argued that contemporary conceptions of freedom of expression among liberal media editors in Norway are suggestive of a hierarchisation of human rights in which freedom of expression is posited as an absolute and inalienable right,overriding all other rights and concerns, such as concerns relating to rights to non-discrimination.
Read the whole article in Social Anthropology
This article represents the situation as Signe Howell found it during her first fieldwork. Then, as Chewong have done for generations, they lived in small settlements scattered throughout an area of about 190 square miles, the Krau Wildlife Reserve of Pahang. This Chewong regard as their traditional territory.
In a chapter in this new book about food research Marianne Lien and Eivind Jacobsen argue that marketers have worked hard to understand and shape the buying practices of urban shoppers, acknowledging how their diverse, segmented and unruly behaviour has changed over time. The authors explore how marketing emerged out economics as a field of knowledge, how it has filled the growing distance between buyers and sellers and they look at some of its successes and failures.
Read more about the book at www.bloomsbury.com
Animal domestication is a dynamic and open-ended process which potentially transforms both the animal and its surroundings. Using the case of Atlantic salmon, John Law and Marianne Lien describes a series of scientific and fish-farming practices, based on fieldwork in West Norway. They show how different salmon are being enacted within those different practices, and explore the precarious choreographies of those practices, and the ways in which they enact agency and also work to generate Otherness. Their article is part of the project 'Newcomers to the farm, Atlantic salmon between the wild and the industrial'.
For more information and full text (for subscribers) visit sss.sagepub.com
Land continues to be a contentious issue in much of sub-Saharan Africa. Recently, a new form of conflict over land has received much attention. Knut G. Nustad and Frode Sundnes claim that in the case they study, the nature of the land itself is at stake. The wetland area, which served as hunting grounds in the past, was transformed into productive fields. This struggle over the nature of the land lies at the heart of the controversy surrounding the land claim.
This chapter contributed by Knut Gunnar Nustad discusses notions of 'property' and 'rights' in the context of South Africa's land reform programme. Both concepts carry with them a heavy ideological baggage. This is evident in the policies on land reform, which have sought to reach a compromise between different and often contradictory histories of both rights and property.
Recent ethnographies of clinical research in Africa have described the impotance of "relatedness" to the successful conduct of trials. They have also revealed the tensions between such relatedness and the scentific and ethical rules of clinical trial work, and at the risks of mixing professional and private, erasing the "ordered separartions upon which formal ethics and scientific evidence rest". Among other colleagues, Ruthe Prince and Paul Wenzel Geissler participate in this overviewarticle of HIV science in western Kenya.
Publisher's Page with open access to the article
In this article, Sindre Bangstad, Oddbjørn Leirvik and John R.Brown ask what anthropology can tell us about the multiple ways in which European Muslims engage with liberal and secular laws and the state.
Read the whole article in Ethnos