Rune Hjalmar Espeland

Research Fellow
Image of Rune Hjalmar Espeland
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Phone +47 22857949
Mobile phone +47 99640585
Room 645
Visiting address Sosialantrop. inst. Eilert Sundts Hus 6th floor Moltke Moes vei 31 0851 OSLO
Postal address Sosialantropologisk institutt Postboks 1091 Blindern 0317 OSLO


Middlemen at a Corner: Youth, Party Cells and Street-Level Politics in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Green party flags dot the landscape across Tanzania, signalling the presence of party cells. In my study, I pose the question of why do young urban Tanzanians still gather under the ruling Chama cha Mapinduzi (CCM) party’s green flags? This thesis is based on nearly one year of fieldwork in a suburb of Dar es Salaam, during which I followed young middlemen attached to party cells, taking part in their everyday lives, while studying street-level politics more broadly. My main argument is that young middlemen create new party cells because the ruling party offers a combination of protection, status and opportunities largely unattainable outside the system. This study thus differs from other strands of the anthropological literature that contend the African youth have rejected party politics and ideology due to the states’ failure to deliver prospects of a viable future.


Tags: Multiculturalism, Politics, Youth, Violence, Conflict, East Africa, Tanzania, Uganda


  • Espeland, Rune Hjalmar (2011). Autochthony, Rumor Dynamics, and Communal Violence in Western Uganda. Social Analysis: Journal of Cultural and Social Practice.  ISSN 0155-977X.  55(3), s 18- 34
  • Espeland, Rune Hjalmar & Petersen, Stina (2010). The Ugandan army and its war in the North. Forum for Development Studies.  ISSN 0803-9410.  37(2), s 193- 215 . doi: 10.1080/08039411003737811
  • Espeland, Rune Hjalmar (2005). Ethniciced Witchcraft Accusations and Violence in Western Uganda, In Johanna Dahlin; Chimen Darbandi; Silje Førland Erdal; Audhild Lindheim Kennedy; Hilde Tanggaard Linderud; Cecilie Nordfeldt; Morten Kjeldseth Pettersen & Johannes Wilm (ed.),  Betwixt and Between. Sosialantropologistudentenes årbok.  Årboksredaksjonen 2005.  ISBN 82-90835-09-4.  Kapittel.  s 97 - 110

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  • Espeland, Rune Hjalmar (2016). Kultursensitivitet.
  • Espeland, Rune Hjalmar (2015, 17. november). Hvorfor hilser vi på hverandre? Hva betyr det å hilse?. [Radio].  NRK P1+ Jacobsen.
  • Espeland, Rune Hjalmar (2015, 21. desember). Ting vi utveksler i jula. [Radio].  NRK P1+ Jacobsen.
  • Espeland, Rune Hjalmar (2015). Urban party cells after African socialism.
  • Espeland, Rune Hjalmar (2009, 01. april). Kjemper mot ånder.  Forsvarets forum.
  • Espeland, Rune Hjalmar (2009). The Uganda Army and the War in the North.
  • Espeland, Rune Hjalmar & Petersen, Stina (2009). Tanzania, I: Sigrun Johnstad & Thorodd Ommundsen (red.),  Arena Afrika: kappløp om makt og ressurser. Fellesrådets Afrikaårbok 2009.  Solidaritet forlag.  ISBN 9788291916255.  Landprofil.  s 243 - 244
  • Espeland, Rune Hjalmar & Petersen, Stina (2009). The Ugandan Army in War and Peace.
  • Espeland, Rune Hjalmar & Petersen, Stina (2009). The Ugandan Army in War and Peace.
  • Espeland, Rune Hjalmar; Strand, Arne; Haarberg, Karstein; Brodkorp, Kine; Haug, Marit & Sletten, Eli Kofoed (2007). Durable Management for Durable Solutions: Organisational Performance Review Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC).
  • Espeland, Rune Hjalmar (2007). When Neighbours Become Killers: Ethnic Conflict and Communal Violence in Western Uganda.
  • Espeland, Rune Hjalmar; Strand, Arne; Haarberg, Karstein; Sørensen, Geir Moe & Skancke, Gunvor (2007). Partnership for a Just World: Organisational Performance Review Norwegian Church Aid (NCA).
  • Espeland, Rune Hjalmar (2006). "Lost Counties": Migration, ethnicity and formalisation of land rights in Western Uganda.
  • Espeland, Rune Hjalmar (2006). The "Lost Counties": Politics of Land Rights and Belonging in Uganda.
  • Espeland, Rune Hjalmar (2005). Ethnopolitical Violence in Kibaale, Uganda: Caused by Strategic Elite Manipulation or in the Interest of Local Actors?.
  • Espeland, Rune Hjalmar (2005). Land Redistribution and Rural Development in Western Uganda.
  • Espeland, Rune Hjalmar (2004). Ethnic Coexistence and Conflict: Land, Migration and Inter-Ethnic Relations in Kibaale District, Uganda.

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Published Dec. 27, 2010 9:25 AM - Last modified May 19, 2017 1:16 PM