Natural Resource Extraction, Globalisation, Poverty and Livelihood Strategies, Land Use, Land-Acquisitions.
Regional Interest: Africa, Sierra Leone
Robert Pijpers has a BA (2009) and MA (2010) degree in Cultural Anthropology and Development Sociology, Leiden University. His MA research focused on diamond miners´ livelihood startegies and the multifaceted relationships between different stakeholders in the diamond mining sector in Sierra Leone. After his MA, Robert conducted fieldwork in Ghana, South Africa and Kenya on natural resource extraction and large-scale agriculture. In 2012, he started his PhD research ‘Hot-spots: land and the three crises of globalization in up-country Sierra Leone’ at the Social Anthropology Institute, University of Oslo.
Robert is the co-founder and co-coordinator of two academic networks focused on resource extraction; the AEGIS Collaborative Working Group ´Resource Extraction in Africa´ and the EASA Network ´Anthropology of Mining´. In 2016 he founded www.resourceworlds.org, a website focused on the dissemination of social science research on natural resource extraction.
Hot-spots. Due to an increasing transnational interest in land, various areas in developing countries are becoming hotspots, contested spaces characterized by accelerated change and a growing density of activities of claims. This research aims to scrutinize such a hot-spot: the Northern Province of Sierra Leone. The area is extremely vibrant, full of expectations, disappointments, hope and crises.
In the past, Sierra Leone has experienced periods of economic growth, but after a long civil war the country entered the 21st century destroyed and impoverished, with a dwindling economy depending on subsistence-level livelihoods. Situated in this context, the area under study has become the stage of an increasing transnational interest for land, leading to a heightened pressure on land. The project will focus on two large-scale land-acquisitions that epitomize transnational developments in the area. Leading research questions are focused on the local articulations of the three crisis of globalization, as presented in the ‘Overheating’ research project led by prof. T.H. Eriksen. Notions of value, power and the future will be critical in the analysis.
D´Angelo, L. and Pijpers, R.J. (in press). Mining Temporalities: An Overview. The Extractive Industries and Society. Special Issue edited by D´Angelo, L. and Pijpers, R.J. Mining Temporalities: Extractive Industries and the Politics of Time. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exis.2018.02.005
Luning, S. and Pijpers, R.J. (2017). Governing access to gold in Ghana: in-depth geopolitics on mining concessions. Africa 87 (4): 758-779.
Pijpers, R.J. (2016). Mining, expectations and turbulent times: locating accelerated change in rural Sierra Leone. History & Anthropology 27 (5): 504 – 520.
Pijpers, R.J. (2014). Crops and Carats: Exploring the Interconnectedness of Mining and Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa. Futures 62 (A): 32 - 39.
Pijpers, R.J. (2011). When diamonds go bust: contextualizing livelihood changes in rural Sierra Leone. Journal of International Development 23: 1068 – 1079.
Pijpers, R.J. (accepted, forthcoming). Lost glory or poor legacy? Mining pasts, future projects in rural Sierra Leone. In Gewald, J.B., Jansen, J. & Luning, S. (eds). Mining History: Corporate Strategies, Heritage and Development. Routledge Studies in Culture and Development.
Pijpers, R.J. and Eriksen, T.H. (in print). Introduction: Negotiating the multiple edges of mining encounters. In Pijpers, R.J. and Eriksen, T.H. (eds). Mining Encounters: Extractive Industries in an Overheated World. London: Pluto Press.
Pijpers, R.J. (in print). Territories of contestation: Negotiating mining concessions in Sierra Leone. In Pijpers, R.J. and Eriksen, T.H. (eds). Mining Encounters: Extractive Industries in an Overheated World. London: Pluto Press.
Pijpers, R.J. (2017). I want to be a Millionaire: Survival, trust and deception in Sierra Leone’s economy of dreams. In Rooij, V., de (ed.). Anthropological knowledge on the move: Contributions from MA graduates at Dutch universities. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, pp. 135 – 153.
Pijpers, R.J. (2016). Politics of localness: claiming gains in rural Sierra Leone. In Eriksen, T.H. & Schober, E. (eds). Identity Destabilised: Living in an Overheated World. London: Pluto Press, pp. 153 – 170.
Pijpers, R.J. (2010). Busting diamonds, booming gold: crisis, gender and money in the Sierra Leone mining sector. In: Panella C. (eds.) Worlds of Debts: Gold Mining in West Africa as an Interdisciplinary Field of Study. Amsterdam: Rozenberg Publishers, pp. 79 –94.
Pijpers, R.J. and Eriksen, T.H. (eds, in print) Mining Encounters: Extractive Industries in an Overheated World. London: Pluto Press.
Edited special journal issue
D´Angelo, L. and Pijpers, R.J. (eds, in press). Mining Temporalities: Extractive Industries and the Politics of Time. Special Issue published in The Extractive Industries and Society.
Contribution to public research reports
Pijpers, R.J. (2016). Box 2: The pitfalls of data collection – reflections from Sierra Leone. In Nolte, K., Chamberlain, W. & Giger, M. (eds). International Land Deals for Agriculture. Fresh insights from the Land Matrix: Analytical Report II. Bern, Montpellier, Hamburg, Pretoria: Centre for Development and Environment, University of Bern; Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement; German Institute of Global and Area Studies; University of Pretoria; Bern Open Publishing, pp: 5 – 6.
Selected non-academic publications
Pijpers, R.J. (2018). Creating a story: Large-scale bioenergy production and its critics in Sierra Leone. Published by Leiden Anthropology Blog:
Pijpers, R.J. (2016). Shining diamonds: of global connections and local lifeworlds. Published by Resource Worlds: http://resourceworlds.org/2016/09/12/resourceworlds/#more-28
Pijpers, R.J. (2015). Trust lies at the heart of making economic recovery more equitable for Sierra Leone after Ebola. Published by The Conversation: https://theconversation.com/trust-lies-at-the-heart-of-making-economic-recovery-more-equitable-for-sierra-leone-after-ebola-45178
Pijpers, R.J. (2014). Songs of ignorance. Published by Open Democracy: https://opendemocracy.net/robert-j-pijpers/songs-of-ignorance
In addition, several blogs appeared on Overheatings website.