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AIM: To investigate the relationship between anomalous self-experiences and duration of untreated psychosis in a sample of patients with first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorders.
Lack of control of confounding variables, high attrition rate, and too few neurocognitive domains completed at each assessment point are some of the limitations identified in studies of the relationship between cognition and functional outcome in schizophrenia.
This study investigated the course of and association among changes in autism symptoms, depression symptoms and executive functions (EF) in children with high-functioning autism (HFA).
The current study aims to fill a gap in the knowledge base by investigating the structural brain characteristics of individuals with schizophrenia and superior intellectual abilities.
Social cognition is an important determinant of functioning in schizophrenia.
The cerebellum is connected to extensive regions of the cerebrum, and cognitive deficits following cerebellar lesions may thus be related to disrupted cerebello-cerebral connectivity.
The present study investigated the Development of the neural basis of pointing perception in 6-month- and 13-month-old infants.
To better understand how parents react to their child’s trauma exposure and evaluate whether different reactions are related to different types of traumas, 120 parents (79.2% mothers, 18.3% fathers, 2.5% other caregivers) were asked about their emotional reactions related to their child’s self-reported worst trauma.
A substantial proportion of patients suffering from schizophrenia-spectrum disorders (SSDs) exhibit a general intellectual impairment at illness onset, but the subsequent intellectual course remains unclear.
High-conflict custody mediation requires working with both the emotional and the factual aspects of the conflict, while balancing unequal power relations between parents.
Terrorism and disasters receive massive media attention, and victims are often approached by reporters.
This study examined the peri-trauma coping responses of 325 survivors, mostly youth, after the July 22, 2011 terror attack on Utøya Island in Norway.
A frequently asked question concerns what a newborn infant can actually see.
Studies have shown that unaccompanied refugee children have elevated symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, and externalizing problems.
Retention of features in visual short-term memory (VSTM) involves maintenance of sensory traces in early visual cortex.
Serotoninergic transmission is reliably implicated in inhibitory control processes.
Early neurocognitive changes in emotional processing are seen following SSRI administration, which may be involved in mechanisms of action.
Research has shown that the therapist's contribution to the alliance is more important for the outcome than the patient's contribution, however, knowledge is lacking about which therapist characteristics are relevant for alliance building and development.
Adult (18+ years old) Malawian men and women’s alcohol use and social drinking norms were examined.
The hardening hypothesis states that with the declining prevalence and growing social disapproval of smoking, remaining smokers are more unwilling and unable to quit as well as increasingly characterized by low socioeconomic status and psychiatric comorbidity.
Although extensive research has documented the effectiveness of common or dual in-groups on improving intergroup relations, little is known about how individual-difference variables affect people's willingness to make such re-categorizations in the first place.
Human cortical thickness and surface area are genetically independent, emerge through different neurobiological events during development, and are sensitive to different clinical conditions.
Evidence from recent studies challenge traditional memory system accounts of separate mechanisms for implicit and explicit memory.
Eyewitness error is one of the leading causes of wrongful convictions.
The accuracy and consistency of children’s memories of their removals from their biological families by the Child Protective Services (CPS) was investigated.