Eva Elisabeth Aspaas Skoe

Professor Emeritus
Image of Eva Elisabeth Aspaas Skoe
Norwegian version of this page
Mobile phone +47 93 00 30 88
Room N02-01/02
Available hours By agreement
Visiting address Forskningsveien 3A Harald Schjelderups hus 0373 Oslo

Academic Interests

  • Identity and Moral Development

  • The Ethic of Care

  • Prosocial behaviour

  • Personality development in a cultural and lifespan perspective

  • The Psychology of Religion and Spirituality

Skoe’s main field of research is moral development where she is renowned for the construction and validation of a care-based moral development measure: The Ethic of Care Interview. Her work on moral reasoning, identity and gender is widely published. Currently she also is working on developing courses and research studies in the area of the Psychology of Religion.

Higher education and employment history

  • Professor of Psychology

  • Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, Canada.

  • Has been a visiting scholar at Harvard University and also at Arizona State University


Collaborating closely with international scholars in the areas of identity and moral development as well as the psychology of religion

Tags: Developmental psychology, Emeritus


  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas (2014). Measuring care-based moral development: The ethic of care interview. Behavioral Development Bulletin.  ISSN 1942-0722.  19(3), s 95- 104
  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas (2014). Religion and Morality, In Lars Johan Danbolt; Leif Gunnar Engedal; Hans Stifoss-Hanssen; Knut Hestad & Lars Lien (ed.),  Religionspsykologi.  Gyldendal Akademisk.  ISBN 978-82-05-41634-5.  13.  s 189 - 202
  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas (2013). The Ethic of Care: Theory and Research, In  Handbook of Educational Theories.  Information Age Publishing.  ISBN 978-1-61735-866-1.  51.  s 615 - 628
  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas (2010). The relationship between empathy-related constructs and care-based moral development in young adulthood. Journal of Moral Education.  ISSN 0305-7240.  39(2), s 191- 211 . doi: 10.1080/03057241003754930
  • Adshead, G.; Brown, C.; Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas; Glover, J. & Nicholson, S. (2008). Studying moral reasoning in forensic psychiatric patients, In G. Widdershoven; J. McMillan; T. Hope & L. van der Scheer (ed.),  Empirical ethics in psychiatry.  Oxford University Press.  ISBN 978-019-929736-8.  Kapittel 14.  s 211 - 230
  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas (2008). Care, Inventory of (Ethic of Care Interview), In F. Clark Power; R. J. Nuzzi; D. Narvaez; D. K. Lapsley & T. C. Hunt (ed.),  Moral Education: A Handbook. Volume 1. A-L.  Praeger.  ISBN 978-0-313-34646-0.  kapittel C.  s 57 - 58
  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas (2008). Why care? Moral Development and Religious Experience, In U. van der Heyden & A. Feldtkeller (ed.),  Border Crossings: Explorations of an Interdisciplinary Historian. Festschrift for Irving Hexham.  Franz Steiner Verlag.  ISBN 978-3-515-09145-9.  Kapittel.  s 287 - 303
  • Pratt, Michael W.; Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas & Arnold, Mary Louise (2004). Care reasoning development and family socialisation patterns in later adolescence: A longitudinal analysis. International Journal of Behavioral Development.  ISSN 0165-0254.  28, s 139- 147
  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas; Cumberland, A.; Eisenberg, N.; Hansen, K. & Perry, J (2002). The influences of sex and gender-role identity on moral cognition and prosocial personality traits. Sex Roles.  ISSN 0360-0025.  46(9-10), s 295- 309
  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas; Eisenberg, N. & Cumberland, A. (2002). The role of reported emotion in real-life and hypothetical dilemmas. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.  ISSN 0146-1672.  28, s 962- 973
  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas & Lippe, Anna Louise von der (2002). Ego development and the ethics of care and justice: The relations among them revisited. Journal of personality.  ISSN 0022-3506.  70, s 485- 507
  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas; Hansen, K.L.; Mørch, W.; Bakke, I.; Hoffman, T; Larsen, B & Aasheim, M (1999). Care-based moral reasoning in Norwegian and Canadian early adolescents: A cross-national comparison. Journal of Early Adolescence.  ISSN 0272-4316.  19(2), s 280- 291
  • Teigen, Karl Halvor; Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas; Lindgren, T. & Storjord, T. (1999). Psykologien og sjelen: Norske og amerikanske psykologistudenters oppfatninger av begrepet sjel hos mennesker og dyr. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening.  ISSN 0332-6470.  36, s 412- 421
  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas (1998). Ethic of care: Issues in moral development, In Eva Elisabeth Aspaas Skoe & Anna Louise von der Lippe (ed.),  Personality Development in Adolescence.  Routledge Mental Health.  ISBN 0-415-13506-0.  Kapittel 7.  s 143 - 171
  • Mørch, W. & Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas (1996). Use of force with mentally retarded individuals. International Journal of Practical Approaches to Disability.  ISSN 1205-4291.  20, s 19- 23
  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas; Pratt, M.W.; Matthews, M. & Curror, S. (1996). The ethic of care: Stability over time, gender differences and correlates in mid to late adulthood. Psychology and Aging.  ISSN 0882-7974.  11, s 280- 292
  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas (1995). Sex role orientation and its relationship to the development of identity and moral thought. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology.  ISSN 0036-5564.  36, s 235- 245
  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas & Diessner, R. (1994). Ethic of care, justice, identity and gender: An extension and replication. Merrill-Palmer quarterly.  ISSN 0272-930X.  40, s 109- 117
  • Sochting, I; Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas & Marcia, J. E. (1994). Care-oriented moral reasoning and prosocial behavior: A question of gender or sex role orientation. Sex Roles.  ISSN 0360-0025.  31(3/4), s 131- 147
  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas & Gooden, A. (1993). Ethic of care and real-life moral dilemma content in early adolescents. Journal of Early Adolescence.  ISSN 0272-4316.  13(2), s 154- 167
  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas & Marcia, J. E. (1991). A care-based measure of morality and its relation to ego identity. Merrill-Palmer quarterly.  ISSN 0272-930X.  37(2), s 289- 304
  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas & Ksionzky, S (1985). Target personality characteristics and self-disclosure: An exploratory study. Journal of Clinical Psychology.  ISSN 0021-9762.  41, s 14- 21

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  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas & Lippe, Anna Louise von der (ed.) (1998). Personality Development in Adolescence. Routledge Mental Health.  ISBN 0-415-13506-0.  218 s.

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  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas; Eisenberg, N. & Neset, S. (2007). The role of emotion in moral dilemmas: A cross national comparison.
  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas; Eisenberg, N. & Neset, S. (2007). The role of moral emotions in real-life and hypothetical moral dilemmas among Norwegian men and women.
  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas (2006). The Ethic of Care Interview: Administration and scoring.
  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas; Eisenberg, Nancy & Neset, Siri (2005). The role of reported emotion in real-life moral dilemmas among Norwegian young adults.
  • Pratt, M.W.; Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas & Arnold, M. L. (2002). Comparing ethics of care and justice reasoning development in adolescence: A longitudinal and family background analysis.
  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas & Pratt, M.W. (2002). Care reasoning: A longitudinal study of its development and relations to community involvement in later adolescence.
  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas & Lippe, Anna Louise von der (1998). Preface, In Eva Elisabeth Aspaas Skoe & Anna Louise von der Lippe (ed.),  Personality Development in Adolescence.  Routledge Mental Health.  ISBN 0-415-13506-0.  Forord.  s xii - xvii
  • Lippe, Anna Louise von der & Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas (1989). Do moral and ego developments follow the same path?.
  • Skoe, Eva Elisabeth Aspaas (1986). The development and partial validation of a care-based measure of moral development. Newsletter of the Canadian Psychological Association, Section of Women and Psychology.  11(1), s 18- 27

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Published Sep. 22, 2010 4:40 PM - Last modified Apr. 4, 2016 9:25 AM