Political Science is the study of political processes and political institutions at local, national and global levels.
Political Science describes and explains the clash of opposing political interests, how values are formed and the functioning of systems of governance. On the one hand Political Science is the study of competition for power, but on the other hand it is also the study of the conditions for cooperation and coexistence within and between various groups. Political phenomena are the central foci of Political Science, and there is much variation in the methods, theories and analytical approaches employed in describing and explaining these phenomena.
The study of Political Science comprises several sub-disciplines –Comparative politics, Public politics and Administration, International politics and Political theory–but a lot of the research and teaching at the Department of Political Sciences is performed across these academic subdivisions. Historically, Political Science was in many countries recognized as separate from the field of Social Sciences prior to the First World War. However, the very origins of the discipline can be traced back to the Renaissance and Classical antiquity. The study of systems of government – democracy and dictatorship – is a classic and prominent topic in Political Science. In Norway, Political Science has been recognized as a university discipline since 1947.