The Solar Transitions research on solar mini-grids in India: Learning from local cases of innovative socio-technical systems
This article presents empirical material from our case study on longstanding, pioneering efforts on implementation and use of solar mini-grid systems in the Sunderban Islands in India.
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These systems have been investigated by the trans-disciplinary team of researchers and practitioners in the Solar Transitions project in order to gain a deep understanding of the diversity of factors influencing the ways in which the systems work at different levels. The research highlights the dynamics between technology and society and how they influence and shape each other. These dynamics create gradual changes in the socio-technical system of technical devises, people, practices, knowledge and other elements, requiring adjustments also by the implementing actors. A range of technical and non-technical factors at various levels are found to be relevant for the implementation, operation, sustenance and further development of village scale solar power supply systems.