Harriet Holters hus (map)
Moltke Moesvei 31
The aim of the EUMARGINS policy report is to inform the current EU policy debate and policy framework in the areas of social inclusion and exclusion of young people with immigrant background. The policy report presents a summary of current EU policy frames, discusses how EUMARGINS research results can inform policy and concludes with concrete policy recommendations.
For the purpose of disseminating their key findings and policy recommendations the Norwegian project team organised a policy workshop in Oslo on Tuesday, 27 September with a group of policy practitioners. Based on the results of the research carried out over the three-year project period the team developed a set of policy recommendations for either improving existing policy mechanisms or developed new ones within the Norwegian national context.
Some of the ministries and organisations that were represented at the workshop are: Ministry of Children, Equality and Social Inclusion, the Oslo Municipality (ie. Bydel Grorud and Enhet for Mangfold og Integrering), Equality and Anti-Discrimination Ombud, Røde kors Groruddalen (a local unity of the Red Cross) and Mangfold i Arbeidslivet (Diversity in the Workplace).
The event took place at the University of Oslo (Blindern), Harriet Holters Hus, Room 221 at 10-13.
EUMARGIN’s sixth policy brief looks at the different forms of political participation of immigrants and seeks to understand the reasons that explain the low political participation of immigrants. It searches for the factors that influence participation and political inclusion of young immigrants and draws comparison and highlights differences among seven European countries.
Florian was born in Bucharest, Romania, in a relatively wealthy family. His father is a retired officer from the Ministry of Work and Employment and his mother is a primary school teacher. Before Ceasescu's regime collapsed his father resigned and in the following years he started his own real estate business with strong linkages to Italy. After completing his secondary schooling, Florian joined his two brothers living in Italy. He soon built a life there and established a construction business alongside his brother. Throughout his struggles he always had the support from his family. Please read more about Florian's new life in Italy.
Mahmoud was born in Morocco in a rural large family composed of his parents and four brothers and sisters. His father migrated to Italy in 1975 while his wife and family continued to live in Morocco. At the time of the interview Mahmoud had lived in Italy since 2000 after joining his father. His migration experience is a typical one of migrants from the rural countryside in Morocco who move to Italy to join a family member in order to support them in building a better livelihood and income. After he had completed his compulsory education, Mahmoud's father wanted him to find work. Mahmoud had different plans for his life and wanted to build a better future through pursuing his studies. Please read more about Mahmoud's strong will to learn.
King Jefe is a 23 year old young man, who was born in Ecuador in a middle class family composed of two parents, himself and an older brother. After his mother developed cancer and moved to Italy, he began to involve himself in an organisation of Latino youths or commonly known as a 'gang.' When his mother discovered his, she brought him over to Italy, where his involvement in gang activity did not end. He has been in and out of jail for drug dealing and smuggling as well as some more violent crimes. Unfortunately, he has not had the support network to guide him in life. King Jefe's complete story can be found here.
Hervé is a 24 year old young man of Moroccan origin who is currently unemployed and looking for work. He has been married for two and a half years and has a young daughter. What is striking about him is his commitment to helping other young people in his neighbourhood, Haut du Lièvre, as vice-president of the youth community centre and involved in several other civic projects. Please read more about Hervé's involvement in his community.
Lucie is a 27 year old young woman from Morocco who arrived in France through family reunification with her husband, a French national. Among the French interview sample, she was the only Muslim interviewee who wore a headscarf. Her story reveals that of a young woman who has successfully integrated into French society and is satisfied with the new life she has created here. To read more about Lucie's story.
Professor Katrine Fangen and former Researcher Assistant (now PhD-candidate), Brit Lynnebakke have written an article "Tre oppfatninger av norskhet: Opphav, kulturell praksis og statsborgerskap" ("Three conceptions of norwegianness: descent, cultural practice and citizenship") which was published shortly by Sosiologi i Dag (Sociology Today), No. 3-4/2011:
An English summary of the article is located below.
The Projects Magazine interviewed Scientific Coordinator Katrine Fangen for a feature article on the EUMARGINS project. The article highlights some of our main findings based on our two book publications. It concludes by stating that "the overall aim of the project is to help provide a better understanding of what barriers young immigrants from around Europe meet througout their life, so that governments and other organisations can aid them more effectively in achieving their full potential." The article will not only be available in the latest printed publication of the Projects Magazine, but will also be avilable digitally on their website. To read the article.
The EUMARGINS UK Research team have organised a briefing session at the Houses of Parliament on Thursday, 6 October where they will present their policy report. As part of the briefing, they have produced a briefing paper through COMPAS (ESRC Centre on Migration, Policy and Society).
Additionally, on 7 September, they launched their national policy report: "A door to the future? The consequences for young migrants of immigration and welfare policy." The report is based on the findings from the London leg of the EUMARGINS research project. The findings relate to the case studies of young adult immigrants and descendants in London compiled in partnership with young people that speak to local and European debates. The conference programme is located here.
"11 September may be seen as a turning point. Muslims in Norway say that they saw a noticeable change in people's attitudes," says Katrine Fangen, EUMARGINS Scientific Coordinator, in an interview for an article published by NRK.no on 7 September 2011. Both in the United States and in Europe, 11 September and the subsequent 'war on terror' led to increased suspicions and violence towards Muslims. Fangen elaborates, "what is new after 11 September is that there has become a much stronger link between Islam and terror. Although xenophobia and Islamic skepticism existed before 11 September, the linkages to terror have become much stronger." There are also several surveys that show that anti-Islamic attitudes tied to skepticism about immigration have increased in recent years as well. Fangen explains that these negative attittudes can be related to reasons other than terrorism, such as the financial crisis. She states that "the economic downturn has clearly increased skepticism towards immigration." Read the article in its entirety. (In Norwegian)
The EUMARGINS is pleased to announce that our final conference on the 'Inclusion and Exclusion of Young Adult Immigrants' took place on 14 September 2011 at the University of Oslo, Norway (Rådssalen, Lucy Smith Hus), 09:00-16:00.
The conference presented the results of the research carried out in the EUMARGINS project by discussing the findings from our seven national contexts and the cross-national comparison with the scientific community in Europe and worldwide. The aim was to contribute to a heightened and more nuanced knowledge of the barriers and bridges that young adult immigrants and descendants face in society.
Please view the Conference Programme.
The final conference of the EUMARGINS project on the ‘Inclusion and Exclusion of Young Adult Immigrants’ will be held on 14 September at the University of Oslo, Norway (Rådssalen, Lucy Smith Hus). The purpose of the conference is to present the findings from our three-year, multi-country study, and the second EUMARGINS book, “Young Migrants: Exclusion and Belonging in Europe,” shortly to be published by Palgrave Macmillan, will provide the structure for this conference.
Ida Kvittingen has written her master’s thesis as part of the EUMARGINS project. The title of her thesis is "Equal or unique employee? 'Visible minorities' job seeking experiences" and is about visible minorities’ transition from higher education to the labour market. Her qualitative study is based on ten in-depth interviews with visible minorities who have recently finished their master degree in either social or natural sciences and are entering the job market.
The fifth policy brief seeks to recognize the vulnerability of young adult irregular migrants in Europe. While irregular migrants are supposed to be recognized and protected by international human rights legislation, it is not always the case that they are socially recognized in the societies that they reside in. The paradoxical situation is that these irregular immigrants are simultaneously inside territorially and outside socially, often feeling that they lack a meaningful existence.
Ida Kvittingen has written her master’s thesis as part of the EUMARGINS project. The title of her thesis is 'Equal or unique employee? 'Visible minorities' job seeking experiences' and is about visible minorities’ transition from higher education to the labour market. Her qualitative study is based on ten in-depth interviews with visible minorities who have recently finished their master degree in either social or natural sciences and are entering the job market. The master thesis (which is written in Norwegian) is available online. The English summary is provided below.
The book Young Migrants: Exclusion and Belonging in Europe will be published on 25 November 2011 by Palgrave MacMillan. This is the second book of the EUMARGINS project (the first one was published by Ashgate in June 2010). This current book is based on analyses of 250 lifestory interviews with young adult migrants and descendants living in seven European countries. The book chapters make cross-national analysis of the material focusing on themes like migration, work, education, political and civic participation as well as on feelings of identity and belonging.
The anthology Mange ulike metoder (Many Different Methods) (edited by EUMARGINS scientific coordinator Katrine Fangen and Ann-Mari Sellerberg), has been published simultaneously in Norway (by Gyldendal Akdemisk) and Sweden (by Förlaget studentliteratur).One of the chapters written by Katrine Fangen gives a description of the way we have collaborated cross national borders and the way we have coded and analysed this large qualitative comparative material in EUMARGINS. The chapter is titled 'Analyse og organisering av et stort livshistoriemateriale: Komparative kvalitative prosjekter' ('Analysis and organization of a large life story material: Comparative Qualitative Projects'). The book is now available in book stores in Norway, and can also be ordered online on the publisher's webpage.
Linkiesta, an Italian newspaper, published an article on 7 August 2011 showcasing various sectors of Norway, titled “Signore e signori, ecco a voi la Norvegia” (in Italian). On immigration policy, Associate Professor Katrine Fangen confirmed that Norwegian policy does not vary significantly from its neighbouring countries. As in many other European countries, Norway seeks to ensure limited and controlled immigration. As for multiculturalism, she explained that “although it is not an official policy of Norway, it has developed into an official strategy of integration. For example, mother tongue teaching in school, times reserved for Muslim women in swimming pools, and several other services geared towards successfully integration immigrants into Norwegian society.”
Associate Professor Katrine Fangen was interviewed for an article in Pravda, a major newspaper in Slovakia, on the topic of the Norwegian open society and immigration, particularly following the recent events that occurred in Norway. She believes that Norway is an open society in terms of public debate, and that the major media provide space for all viewpoints e.g. on the immigration issue.
The article, "One racist's murderous marketing exercise?" ("Mejor conocer cómo piensa el asesino") originally published by the Spanish newspaper, El Pais, on 28 July 2011 discussed the aftermath of the deadly twin terrorist attacks that occurred in Norway. In the article, Associate Professor Katrine Fangen (Norwegian Research Team) and Professor Carles Feixa (Spanish research team) were both asked to comment on the possible societal effects, particularly on young people, of the tragic events that were carried out by Anders Behring Breivik.
EUMARGINS has recently been approached by the UN Alliance of Civilizations (UNAOC) Secretariat in New York to join their community of practitioners promoting integration practices across the world. The Alliance works with a global network of partners in four program areas: youth, media, education and migration. In the field of migration, the UNAOC and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) have jointly built an online community on the Migration and Integration: Building Inclusive Societies (IBIS) aimed at promoting practices of integration. We will be collaborating with the alliance as well as continuing to share our own findings and publications with them.
On Saturday, 9 July, Researcher Vincent Ferry organized a discussion with politicians in Lorraine, France. He presented the EUMARGINS research results based on several themes: employment, education and qualifications, identity, participation, perceptions of their neighbourhood and so forth. Following the discussion, a debate emerged among the politicians producing a selection of policy suggestions that would be brought back to the political parties they represent.
The independent filmmaker, Arnaud Codazzi, filmed the debate: http://www.dailymotion.com/video/xlxyu9_eumargins-jeunes-de-banlieue-issus-de-l-immigration_news
The third EUMARGINS newsletter (May 2011, Vol. 3) contains a wide selection of project news, some of which are: a comprehensive overview of the project in May; a positive review of our first book, ”Inclusion and Exclusion of Youth Adult Migrants in Europe,” Katrine Fangen, Kirsten Fossan and Ferdinand Andreas Mohn (eds.) published in the Journal of Youth and Adolescence; and an illustrative case from the French national context: Isabelle’s Story.