Harriet Holters hus (map)
Moltke Moesvei 31
Italy became a country of immigration later than other European countries, and when it happened the Italian society was not prepared to become a country of destination. Sudden, unwanted immigration flows has prevented Italy since the late ’80s to produce a coherent system of norms and laws that would have been able to respond to both Italian residents' the and immigrant population demands, needs and expectations. At the present stage, Italy is facing a dramatic situation with illegal migration coming from the east and south shore of the Mediterranean.
People with immigrant background constitute approx. 30% of Estonia’s population; in the capital Tallinn the proportion is higher (40%). Most are ethnic Russians, the other ethnic groups also use extensively Russian as their mother tongue. This immigrant community was formed during the period of Soviet Union when accelerated forced industrialisation took place based on a largely immigrant labour force.
Barcelona is the capital city of Catalonia, and the urban context of Spain in which EUMARGINS study inclusion and exclusion of young adult immigrants. About 18 % of the population in the city of Barcelona are immigrants. There are as many as 165 different nationalities in the 10 districts and 73 neighbourhoods of Barcelona. Ciutat Vella district, the former medieval city and now the city centre, has the highest percentage of foreigners (40 %).
Immigration, due to French colonial history, isn’t an easy subject: it sometimes appears to be difficult to simply distinguish domestic migration from foreign one (as e.g. Algerians were considered French nationals if born before 1963, etc.), and the law prohibiting racial discrimination is making it illegal to take account of ‘ethnic’ features, ideally placing the French people as a whole, without concerns of differences.
The art of comparison always involves establishing shared generalisations about the nature of the social world. These sociological premises provide a logical structure for what then is being compared. In the following, some descriptions and facts are given. These apply to all of the seven EUMARGINS' research sites.
In line with the projects’ methodological framework, an extensive secondary data collection and analysis will be conducted in the first phase of the project. The results of this first stage of the project will be published in a book that discusses the European conditions for inclusion and exclusion of young adult immigrants. Relevant contextual conditions within the seven countries will be identified, including the different political, juridical, historical, economic and social factors relevant for understanding the inclusion and exclusion of young adult immigrants. Collecting and analyzing prior research on migration, integration and youth is equally an important task of this phase, and finally the country specific information collection will set the ground for a cross-cutting analysis among all seven participant countries.
The researchers of EUMARGINS will collect a great set of information concerning young immigrants' experiences. The qualitative part of the project is a combination of a biographical and an ethnographical research design. Recruitment of informants and data collection will take place from January 2009 to September 2010.
Migration into and within the Europe in the 21st century is best understood not just as a single event in a person’s life. Analysts need a perspective which identifies the complex set of socio-economic processes and phenomena which influence human mobility. The changing significance of national borders within an increasingly globalised world means that migration can no longer be understood merely by the application of analytical terms such as ‘push-pull’ factors. New typologies of migrant types are needed, as are theoretical approaches and methodologies which enable researchers to ‘capture’ the complex social realities of migration and integration.
EUMARGINS' researcher Professor Les Back was keynote speaker at the Conference 'YOUTH 2010: Identities, Transitions and Cultures' which took place at the University of Surrey from Tuesday 6 July to 8 July 2010. In his talk, Les Back shared some findings from EUMARGINS.
The Aftenposten article that portrayed EUMARGINS’ research on inclusion and exclusion in Europe on April 16th 2010, was followed by a comment on April 24th, written by two masterstudents in cultural psychology. On May 18th, an answer to this comment written by EUMARGINS' project coordinator Katrine Fangen, together with the research assistants Brit Lynnebakke and Erlend Paasche, was published in the same newspaper, clarifying some of the main issues of the first presentation. Read their response article below.
On 11th of May, project coordinator Katrine Fangen will give a lecture at the seminar-series "New genders - Different Claims". The lecture is being held at the Centre for Inter-Disciplinary Gender research at the University of Oslo, Gaustadalléen 30 D, room 420. It starts at 1.15pm and ends at 3.30pm
On 24th of February 2010, Professor Les Back from the London-based EUMARGINS Research team participated in the 'Multicultural Dialogues Conference' at the London School of Economics. His talk 'The New Hierarchies of Belonging' was based upon EUMARGINS research data.
On January 20 and 21, 2010, representatives for all the seven national teams of EUMARGINS met in Tallinn in Estonia for a 2-days project meeting. A main theme for the meeting was planning of the forthcoming analytical process of the 30 interviews with young adults of immigrant backgrounds from seven contexts, all together a collection of more than 200 in-depth interviews. The research group will write a book that includes the voices of this large variety of people with different immigrant background residing in Europe.
Our project's first book will be available in June this year. Please view a description of the content below.
From April 28 to 29 EUMARGINS is having a project meeting in Nancy in France. The meeting is hosted by our French partner institution AROFE.
Coordinator Katrine Fangen presented EUMARGINS for the research advisors at the Faculty of Humanities at the University of Oslo. Title of presentation: 'Challenges and possibilities in an EU-project'
Coordinator Katrine Fangen presented EUMARGINS at the post doctoral-programme in nursing science, University of Oslo. The presentation focused on the application period, negotiation and kick-off of the project.
There is a lot of activity going on with EUMARGINS at the moment. A transnational analysis based upon the national context reports is being written, as well as the first policy brief is taking shape. The project will be represented at a European Youth Research Seminar in Brussel in March. Shortly, EUMARGINS' logo will be finalized and made public.
Our second project meeting was held in Genoa from January 7-8, 2009. Representatives from all research institutions gathered at DiSA; the Department of Anthropological Science of the University of Genoa. Agenda for the meeting was adjustment of national context reports in order to secure the comparative dimension, as well as some discussions regarding the forthcoming interview phase. The EUMARGINS Project Committee had a separate meeting.
All national research teams are now fully occupied with writing the national context reports, based on earlier qualitative and quantitative research, available statistics, information on laws etc.
The project officially started on October 1st. During the two-day's kick off seminar the research team decided on main procedures in all the seven work packages of the project. The first half year of the project we are working on the national context reports, which will be finished by the end of January 2009. These reports serve as the background of the project, using the terminology of Michael Burawoy's extended case method. The foreground is the material gathered through lifestory interviews and fieldwork, which will be started in 2009. This data collection phase will last untill 2010.
The kick off seminar was arranged in Harriet Holter's House, at the University of Oslo. Representants from all national teams were present at the seminar. The first phase of the project was discussed in detail, whereas later work packages were discussed more briefly. At this seminar, the consortium as a whole met for the first time, although some participants already know each other in advance. The seminar established a good atmosphere for further collaboration and a good start for a real comparative transnational project.