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We are happy to announce that the Ashgate Publishing Group has accepted to publish a book based upon the national context reviews and the transnational review resulting from the first phase of the EUMARGINS project. The forthcoming book will focus on barriers and bridges that young adults with immigrant background are facing in Europe today, and discuss their conditions for inclusion and exclusion.
The UP2YOUTH project was financed by the EU’s 6th framework program. At the final conference of this project, both main findings of UP2YOUTH were presented, but also findings from other EU-funded projects which focus on young people and exclusion.
Representatives from all seven research institutions recently met in Nancy, France. During the 2-days meeting from April 28 to 29, the project partners discussed methodological aspects, the finalization of the national context reports, the transnational analysis and the first policy brief. In addition general technical issues related to the workings of the project group were discussed, as well as the necessity to start thinking about EUMARGINS’ publications. The EUMARGINS Project Committee met on the second day, and on April 30 a symposium on young migrants' insertion into the labour market was organized by the French team. In the latter, researchers and stakeholders from the sectors of education, health and labor were present.
In the aftermath of the 2-days EUMARGINS Project Meeting in Nancy (France), the symposium: Youths with ‘immigrant’ background and professional insertion will take place on April 30th, 2009.
On September 10 and 11, representatives for all the seven national teams of EUMARGINS met in London for a 2-days project meeting. The meeting was hosted by Professor Les Back and Dr. Shamser Sinha at Goldsmiths College in New Cross (South East London). In this meeting, in addition to the indoor sessions dealing with important methodological and analytical issues relevant for the forthcoming months, the researchers had a practical session in the streets of London, with aims of getting better at how a camera might visualize manifestations of inclusion and exclusion of young adult immigrants.
Underdevelopment and global inequality are two interlinked prompts for migration. They help condition and produce London’s multiculture.
From August 2009 there is need for research assistance with EUMARGINS at the University of Oslo. Students with a Bachelor degree (minimum) in Social Sciences, basic experiences with qualitative methods and who have interest in research within the field of migration are potential candidates. Verbal Norwegian skills and good proficiency in written English are required. Persons with ethnic minority backgrounds are encouraged to apply.
There is need for assistance with field work (qualitative interviews, observations, photography), transcribing interviews and editing research publications (language, layout), amongst others. Workload will vary in time.
For further questions please contact Katrine Fangen at (47) 22 85 52 44 or Kirsten Fossan at (47) 22 85 52 13.
If you are interested, please send a brief application with your CV attached to firstname.lastname@example.org.
We accept applications consecutively until August 1st 2009.
Born in Kinshasa, Congo, Joseph migrated to London as a refugee at the age of eight. He is now 18 years old and has UK citizen status. Shamser Sinha and Les Back from the London-based research team have met Joseph numerous times, and he has told them about growing up as a young migrant in London.
On May 22-23, 2009, the final dissemination conference of the European Collaborative Research Project (FP6) TRESEGY will take place in Lleida in Barcelona. The full title of the project is "Toward a social construction of an European youth: the experience of inclusion and exclusion in the public sphere among second generation migrated teenagers". It is a project that has many parallells to EUMARGINS, both in terms of subject, methodology and localities. EUMARGINS' participants from France, Italy and Spain have been involved with TRESEGY and will participate in the conference. Findings from the project will be presented and discussed. EUMARGINS' Project Coordinator Katrine Fangen will also take part as keynote speaker.
The article 'Social Exclusion and Inclusion of Young Immigrants – Presentation of an Analytical Framework' by Katrine Fangen was published in May 2010 in the SAGE-journal YOUNG: Nordic Journal of Youth Research, no. 2. This article presents many of the analytical ideas the serve as a frame for EUMARGINS. Read the article here.
The article 'Konsten att välja rätt spårvagn En studie av segregation, skolval och unga människors studieplaner' (The art of choosing the right tram – A study of urban segregation, choice of school and young people’s life plans) by Thomas Johansson and Nils Hammarén was published in the journal Sociologisk Forskning 47 (1), 2010. The article is an EUMARGINS publications as well as a result of the research project 'Skola, valfrihet och integration (VR)' (School, freedom of choice and integration').
Sekina Helen Finne has written her master’s thesis as part of the EUMARGINS project. The Norwegian title of the thesis is ‘Indiske etterkommere i eliteutdanninger. En kvalitativ studie av utdanningsvalg blant indiske etterkommere i eliteutdanninger’, and is about Indian descendants living in Norway and their educational choices. The qualitative study is based on ten in-depth interviews with students in elite educations at the University of Oslo. Read the Norwegian summary or read the thesis in Norwegian. An English summary is given in the following.
In the book entitled 'Metodene våre - Eksempler fra samfunnsvitenskapelig forskning' (published by Universitetsforlaget in 2010) EUMARGINS' project leader Katrine Fangen has written a chapter about the methodological framework of EUMARGINS. The chapter presents the methodology and gives practical examples from the research project, and as such sheds light upon important challenges and methodological dilemmas.
The article 'Sosial ekskludering av unge med innvandrerbakgrunn - Den relasjonelle, stedlige og politiske dimensjonen ' was published in the Norwegian youth research journal Tidsskrift for ungdomsforskning. The article is published under the title 'Sosial ekskludering av unge med innvandrerbakgrunn - Den relasjonelle, stedlige og politiske dimensjonen'. The article is available online here: http://www.hioa.no/asset/6707/1/6707_1.pdf
The English abstract is included below. A translated version of the article is also available in the Italian journal Mondi Migranti no. 1, 2012:
EUMARGINS is cooperating with five other EU-funded projects. The scientific coordinators of these projects have met several times to present their results and to discuss common policy agendas. All projects will organise a final conference together, in cooperation with the European Commission DG Research.
The art of comparison always involves establishing shared generalisations about the nature of the social world. These sociological premises provide a logical structure for what then is being compared. In the following, some descriptions and facts are given. These apply to all of the seven EUMARGINS' research sites.
In line with the projects’ methodological framework, an extensive secondary data collection and analysis will be conducted in the first phase of the project. The results of this first stage of the project will be published in a book that discusses the European conditions for inclusion and exclusion of young adult immigrants. Relevant contextual conditions within the seven countries will be identified, including the different political, juridical, historical, economic and social factors relevant for understanding the inclusion and exclusion of young adult immigrants. Collecting and analyzing prior research on migration, integration and youth is equally an important task of this phase, and finally the country specific information collection will set the ground for a cross-cutting analysis among all seven participant countries.
Migration into and within the Europe in the 21st century is best understood not just as a single event in a person’s life. Analysts need a perspective which identifies the complex set of socio-economic processes and phenomena which influence human mobility. The changing significance of national borders within an increasingly globalised world means that migration can no longer be understood merely by the application of analytical terms such as ‘push-pull’ factors. New typologies of migrant types are needed, as are theoretical approaches and methodologies which enable researchers to ‘capture’ the complex social realities of migration and integration.
The researchers of EUMARGINS will collect a great set of information concerning young immigrants' experiences. The qualitative part of the project is a combination of a biographical and an ethnographical research design. Recruitment of informants and data collection will take place from January 2009 to September 2010.
Immigrants and descendants constituted 10, 6 % of Norway’s population in 2009; the share is in the middle of the European range. More than two thirds of the immigrant population is 'non-Western', and it is these groups that receive most attention both from researchers and the general public. EUMARGINS is collecting data about young adults immigrants living in Oslo; the capital with nearly 590 000 inhabitants, and the place in which the majority of Norway’s immigrant population is living. When looking at children and youth, more than one third of the population are non-Western immigrants. EUMARGINS’ focus is however upon young adult immigrants with all kinds of country backgrounds. Fatima, Jengar and Haile are three representatives of the Norwegian context. Follow the links to read their stories.
During the past 20 years, Sweden has had an annual immigration of more than 50,000 people. It is estimated that the number of foreign-born people in Sweden will increase. By the year 2014, about 14.5 per cent will be foreign-born and in 2050 about 18 per cent (SCB 2005). These numbers stress the need for research and better knowledge on integration processes. The Swedish EUMARGINS team is located in Gothenburg, and is interviewing young adult immigrants from different parts and places of the city. See glimpses from the various localities.
Italy became a country of immigration later than other European countries, and when it happened the Italian society was not prepared to become a country of destination. Sudden, unwanted immigration flows has prevented Italy since the late ’80s to produce a coherent system of norms and laws that would have been able to respond to both Italian residents' the and immigrant population demands, needs and expectations. At the present stage, Italy is facing a dramatic situation with illegal migration coming from the east and south shore of the Mediterranean.
People with immigrant background constitute approx. 30% of Estonia’s population; in the capital Tallinn the proportion is higher (40%). Most are ethnic Russians, the other ethnic groups also use extensively Russian as their mother tongue. This immigrant community was formed during the period of Soviet Union when accelerated forced industrialisation took place based on a largely immigrant labour force.