ARENA Working Papers 2005
ARENA working papers are pre-prints of research articles and chapters analysing and documenting new European orders of governance.
What is the relative weight of bargaining and arguing in the formation of EU foreign policy? Based on empirical data, this paper lends credence to the deliberative claim that there is more to negotiation than give and take; states may change their set of preferences by way of a learning process where even small actors may be pivotal.
Drawing on fresh empirical data, this paper accounts for the inter-penetration between the European Commission and national regulatory agencies. Focusing on the environmental domain, a comparative Nordic analysis shows that integration differs, in part due to organizational features and administrative culture.
Based on extensive empirical evidence, this paper attempts to establish some patterns in the interaction between business and EU institutions.
Conjunctural Causation in Comparative Case-Oriented Research: Exploring the Scope Conditions of Rationalist and Institutionalist Causal Mechanisms
This paper discusses qualitative comparative methodology as applied within a “small-N” research design, with its potential use for specifying the scope conditions of causal mechanisms.
In the framework of EU-level institution building, this paper accounts for the exchange of information and statistics forming the basis for such evolution. More specifically, it focuses on Eurostat, the European statistical office.
Process tracing, much in the ascendant as methodological approach, brings research closer to politics and strengthens the reliability of our findings. However, there are obvious risks entailed.
What is the use - and merit - of studying implementation with regards to European integration? This paper offers an evaluation of the research area, calling for more systematic and inclusive approaches to this area of research.
What lessons can be drawn from European integration when it comes to balancing unity and diversity?
In his Stein Rokkan Memorial Lecture 2005, Johan P. Olsen explores how studies of political unification and differentiation in Europe may contribute to a better general understanding of the dynamics of territorial organization and the balancing of unity and diversity.
After Hierarchy? The Differentiated Impact of the European Commission and the Council of Ministers on Domestic Executive Governance
How does the EU's organisational structure affect its impact on domestic governments? This paper investigates Council and Commission influence on national governance. By empirical data from Norway and Sweden it is shown that while the Council consolidates administrative hierarchies, the Commission disrupts such traditional structures by by-passing them.
This paper addresses the longer-term implications of contemporary developments in the EU. The processes of forging a constitution and establishing a closer political unity are put into perspective; it is found that European discourses - the way we talk and conceive of the EU - have taken a qualitative leap towards a more statist conception of the Union.
What is the role of linguistic minorities in nation building and re-building in Europe? How does European integration affect opportunity structures and basis of mobilisation? This paper looks upon the challenges of liguistic diversity in the cases of Germany, France and Spain.
The EU’s fledgling society: From deafening silence to critical voice in European constitution making
What are the merits of the EU's attempts to forge a constituency? This paper sheds light on the development of a European public sphere by presenting a framework where constituency and polity building are seen to interact, tangibly illustrated in the constitution process.
Does the process towards an EU constitution amount to Europe's constitutional moment? This paper discusses the Convention and ensuing debates in the light of normative political theory.
Executive Politics as Usual: Role Behaviour and Conflict Dimensions in the College of European Commissioners
This paper aims at understanding role behaviour and conflict dimensions in the College of European Commissioners.
Coordinating policies for a "Europe of knowledge" - Emerging practices of the "Open Method of Coordination" in education and research
This paper presents the emerging practices of the Open Method of Coordination (OMC) in research and education policy at the EU-level and discusses the implications for the EU's involvement in these sectors as well as indicative lessons about the OMC as a mode of governance.
This paper aims to enhance our understanding of the dynamics of change in universities. A conceptual framework is developed to conceive of the contrasting role expectations filled by universities. Furthermore, institutional interaction and adaptation is exemplified by the ongoing process of Europeanization of higher education and research.
This paper seeks to clarify the empirical and normative contents of juridifaction by drawing a line between five analytical dimensions of the term.
The Constitution’s Gift? A deliberative democratic analysis of constitution-making in the European Union
This article discusses whether deliberation and decision-making on the constitutional norms of the EU can contribute to render it more democratic. Observing the procedural changes to constitution-making introduced with Laeken (notably the Convention), it is argued in the paper that such changes have made some progress towards rectifying the Union's legitimacy deficit.
This paper considers the Commission's use of national regulatory agencies in implementation of EU law. On the basis of a case study of the IMPEL network, an informal forum of coordination between national environmental authorities, it is argued that such networks may enhance effectiveness as well as inter-institutional conflict on EU and national level.
This paper gives a shorthand account of the approach of new institutionalism, illuminating its view of political institutions as endogenous and self-containing to explain political performance and change.
What is the relevance of bureaucratic organization to the studies of democratic governance today? With Max Weber as point of departure, this paper discusses the fruitfulness of bureaucracy to political analysis. With regards to empirics, furthermore, the paper argues that bureaucracy as method of governance is far more viable than the market and network paradigms suggest.
This paper is on whether the parameters of power politics in Europe are changing and whether the EU can be described as a cosmopolitan polity in the making. In other words: Is it the case that the popular sovereignty principe must yield to fundamental human rights?
This paper reflects on the position of the Constitution for Europe in relation to liberal-democratic theory. While clearly not a Constitution in the strict sense of the term, the Treaty nevertheless provides a potential for future democratic consolidation at the EU level. This requires, however, that the scope of the Treaty is not over-constitutionalised.
The paper discusses the extent and legitimacy of EU tax power, taking as its starting point the juridical basis of taxes as well as the putative development of the EU as a rights-based polity.
National Elites in the Post-national Era: Ethno-politics and Internationalization in the Baltic States
To what extent has westernization of the Baltic states led to acceptance of ethnic inclusion and a liberal order of citizenship? This paper evaluates the attempts by NATO and the EU to promote such a development in its recent member states and considers why institutions and elite attitudes have been persistent to change.
This article looks more closely at administrative decentralization by the creation of quasi-autonomous agencies. Strategically located, agencies are typically perceived as constituents of an evolving EU networked-administrative system; whether this argument holds truth is evaluated against a case study of EU competition policy.
The paper treats the classic question of EU legitimacy and debates whether the convention establishing a Constitutional Treaty for Europe has managed to overcome the EU legitimacy deficit. Deliberative theory is applied to evaluate the constitutional process, concluding that the convention by way of increasing reflexivity managed to redress some of the aspects of this deficit.
Strengthening of European integration has also had administrative implications, such as the development of a networked-administrative system where national agencies serve simultaneously the Commission and national authorities. The paper discusses the development of such a structure of cross-cutting cleavages and loyalties, focusing on the case of the Danish IT and Telecom Agency.
This article discusses the status of EFTA and its member states in light of the EU enlargement. It argues that while enlargement has not fundamentally challenged the EEA agreement which regulate relations between EFTA and the EU, it has nevertheless induced adjustments which may question the legitimacy of this agreement in its present form.
National parliaments, seeing their prerogatives threatened by accelerating European integration, have responded by a variety of strategies. This paper discusses divergent parliamentary responses in the light of recent Treaty revisions and the Convention’s reflections on future relations between institutions in the EU system.