ARENA Working Papers 2001
ARENA working papers are pre-prints of research articles and chapters analysing issues of European governance and politics.
This paper discusses the organisational factors supporting or constraining EU treaty reform. It is argued that reform must be seen in its historical, cultural and institutional context to disclose the structural elements in which actors are embedded.
This paper accounts for the influence held by EU institutions on the foreign policy of post-Franco Spain; it is argued that throughout this period, EU membership rather than regime change has been the driving force behind foreign policy change.
Approaching from a middle-range institutional perspective, this paper investigates the putative transformation of loyalties of national civil servants contracted by the EU administration.
Based on empirical research in the Council of Europe, this paper presents some general hypotheses concerning the effects of social interaction in inter- and supra-national institutions.
This paper takes a historical view of the notion of citizenship as applied beyond local or national communities; it is argued that European Union citizenship can draw upon these experiences as well as provide the precedence for a global notion of citizenship.
Die Ausdehnung der Europäischen Gemeinschaftsrechts auf Nichtmitglieder der Union - das Beispiel Norwegens
Norsk lov i møte med internasjonal rett: EØS-avtalen og politiske og statrettslige aspekter ved Høyesteretts dom i Finnanger-saken
This paper outlines an organisational approach to European integration, arguing that organisation affects behaviour, loyalty and role enactment in ways that are too frequently ignored by neogovernmental and institutionalist contributions.
This article discusses the prospects of a common European identity in a Hegelian politics of recognition perspective . It is argued here that the EU may play a key role in reuniting multiple identities in Europe.
This paper discusses the emergence of a European public sphere from the vantage point of deliberative democracy; focus in on strong publics as a building stone of future EU-level democracy.
Looking closer at deliberative approaches to Europan integration, this paper attempts to take deliberation down to an operational level by focusing on empirical, methodological and theoretical aspects.
This paper interprets the introduction of a European Charter of Fundamental Rights as a further step towards rights as foundational to European law; in other words, making a qualitative leap away from regulations of commerce towards a prospective constitutional moment.
This paper makes the case for pushing Europe towards a res publica - that is, a polity in which citizens take part as lawmakers in the development of the European project. It is argued that the Treaties of Amsterdam and Nice have failed at this point, by focusing on management rather than the development a common-European public space.
Institutions, omnipresent in the governing of European affairs, have important effects of socialization on states and other actors. This paper gives the introductory chapter to a volume of institutional theory on European institutions.
Artikkelen er senere trykket i Internasjonal Politikk (2003)
This paper puts the ambitious concept of Union citizenship under scrutiny; it is argued that far from being a panacea for popular compliance, 'citizenship' requires mutual commitments and a common understanding of what the Union project should imply. If fulfilment of constitutional criteria is not achieved, the concept of 'citizenship' may in fact be counter-productive.
While a federal order often involves a conflict between (individual) equality and (regional) autonomy, it is argued in this paper that the additional advantages of autonomy point towards federal arrangements - insofar as no fundamental rights are under threat.
From a distincly institutionalist perspective, this paper considers the prospects for pre-designed reform of the EU's institutions of governance.
This paper discusses the driving forces behind EU enlargement; by studying the argumentation applied to justify enlargement, it is found that ethical-political arguments served as particularly important mobilisers.
Beyond the EU Membership-Non-Membership Dichotomy? Explaining Supranational Identities Among EU Decision-Makers
While the integration of levels of governance has become a commonplace in integration studies, few attempts have been made at actually operationalising what such vertical integration implies. This article is an attempt to fill this lacuna by studying the degree of supranational allegiance among civil servants and how cross-national variation in this field may be accounted for.
Taking a broader view of changes in the international structure during the 1990s, this paper makes the observation that traditional security policies have changed - due to (i) the end of the Cold War and (ii) the strengthening of international institutions. However, varying openness to change makes this process less clear-cut in some countries than in others.
A later version of this article was published in Jussens Venner, No. 2, 2001.
Discussing three alternative justifications for a common EU foreign policy, this paper finds the common values thesis to be the most persuasive in a case study of EU enlargement.