In his 1814-lecture, Jan-Werner Müller discussed how the fear of unconstrained collectivism helped shape the constitutional democracies of post-war Europe. Fear is also driving many of Europe’s current populist movements.
Citizenship is the building block of modern political communities. Espen D. H. Olsen shows how this notion has been part of a struggle of ideas of the European Union.
– Breivik acted alone, but was not thinking on his own. There are groups in Europe that see themselves in a clash of cultures, a thinking that is based on myths of the history of Europe. We need to restore the vision of the cosmopolitan Europe, was professor Seyla Benhabib's message when she gave the ARENA Lecture 2012.